History of Java

  • In 1991 researcher at sun microsystem started thinking that consumer electronics will capture the market in future.

  • Sun Microsystem secretly started a project "Project Green" for creating a simple device that can control a variety of day to day electronics devices. This project was secret and the team member cut off from the company to complete the project.

  • Team of "project green" had 13 members group, leading by Dr. arthur james gosling.

  • After 18 months, the Green project team emerged with a device that they called Star7. Essentially, it worked like today's PDA and had a animated color touchscreen. This device ran a application which react to user on touch.

  • Star7 was meant as demonstration platform. Green project team expected that software running on device could be deployed on various platform i.e. television, home appliance.

  • How an application could work on various platform? this was the problem before "Green" team.

  • james gosling created the language that fulfill required functionality. He called this language Oak after a large oak tree outside his office

  • Oak was processor independent so it could easily be used on all consumer devices.

  • The Green project tream tried to convince some industries that their creation was ideal. But unfortunately it didn't take off. Project Green was failure.

  • In 1993, WWW exploded. Soon sun microsystem realised that language they have created could work better that consumer market.

  • Green Project team discovered that language named oak already existing, so they had to change the name.

  • Before java became official name for language other name Neon, pepper, silk names were suggested.

  • Sun officially announce the language in 1995 on internet.